“In the beginning of the ’14th Five-Year Plan’, some places had a strong impulse to blindly launch the “Two Highs” project. There was a momentum for big, fast, rush, and chaos, and resolutely curbed it.”
At the press conference of the Ministry of Ecology and Environment held on July 26, Xu Bijiu, executive deputy director of the Central Ecological and Environmental Protection Inspectorate Office, made the above statement.
Xu Bijiu said that if the “two highs” projects are allowed to develop blindly, it will directly affect the achievement of carbon peaks and carbon neutrality goals, affect the optimization and upgrading of the industrial structure and energy structure adjustment, and affect the improvement of environmental air quality.
The “two highs” refer to construction projects with high energy consumption and high emissions. On July 20, the second round of the third batch of central ecological and environmental protection inspectors completed the inspection feedback work.
According to the feedback from the inspectors, eight provinces including Shanxi, Liaoning, Hunan, Henan, Anhui, Yunnan, and Guangxi all rely heavily on the “two highs” project.
On July 20, the official website of the Ministry of Ecology and Environment released the “Central Ecological Environmental Protection Inspectorate’s Feedback to Shanxi Province on Inspection Status”, stating that Shanxi Province has a strong desire to launch the “Two Highs” project, and the dual control of energy consumption is not tightly controlled, and the review and supervision responsibility is implemented. Absent.
According to the inspection team, Shanxi Province plans to launch 178 “two highs” projects, with an estimated energy consumption of 59.42 million tons of standard coal, which greatly exceeds the newly added energy space during the 14th Five-Year Plan period. The situation of dual control of energy consumption is severe. Among the 178 projects, 101 are under construction or have been constructed, of which 72 have incomplete procedures, accounting for a high proportion of 71.3%.
The inspection team stated that the Shanxi Provincial Development and Reform Commission has not taken effective measures, the relevant prefectures and cities have not carried out clean-up and rectification, and the problem of illegal construction has not been corrected.
The Second Central Ecological and Environmental Protection Supervision Group reported to Liaoning Province that some places in Liaoning Province did not have a deep understanding of green and low-carbon development, and still had traditional path dependence and ineffective control of the “two highs” projects.
Since 2015, the proportion of energy consumption in high-energy-consuming industries in Liaoning Province has increased year by year. In 2019, the proportion of energy consumption in the six high-energy-consuming industries in industries above designated size increased by 4.3 percentage points from 2015, and the proportion of energy consumption per unit of GDP and carbon dioxide emissions decreased by both The timing goal is not fulfilled, and the situation of dual energy consumption control is severe.
The second inspection team stated that some local governments in Liaoning Province even promoted project construction in violation of regulations. Among the key energy-using projects that were reported to be put into production and reached production capacity, 37 projects were started or completed and put into production without obtaining an energy-saving review opinion, involving more than 10 million tons of standard coal in comprehensive energy consumption.
The Central Sixth Ecological and Environmental Protection Supervision Group reported to Hunan Province that the province has the impulse to launch the “two highs” projects, and some projects that do not meet the requirements have continued to be built.
According to Jiemian News, when the province’s 14th Five-Year Plan for Energy Development was drafted, Hunan Province did not implement the requirement of “withdrawing from coal development” in the “Several Opinions on Promoting the Green Development of Mining Industry”, and still allowed the Huaihua power generation project to use local coal. Coal is used as a fuel, which poses greater environmental risks.
The sixth inspection team stated that in order to introduce a production line with a daily output of 8,000 tons of clinker cement, Huaihua City in Hunan still accepts other provinces to transfer clinker production capacity for replacement despite the overcapacity of clinker production capacity in the province.
Xu Bijiu emphasized at this press conference that strict control of the “two highs” project blindly launched is not only the focus of this batch of inspectors, but also the focus of future batches of inspections. For the problems discovered by the inspectors of blindly launching the “Two Highs” project, they will hold on to the problem, stare to the end, and never let go if they are not resolved.
On May 31 this year, the Ministry of Ecology and Environment issued the “Guiding Opinions on Strengthening the Prevention and Control of the Eco-Environmental Sources of Construction Projects with High Energy Consumption and High Emissions” (“Guiding Opinions”). Pollution permits strengthened supervision and law enforcement, strengthened accountability and other aspects to curb the rise of the “two highs” projects.
Xu Bijiu emphasized that in the follow-up environmental protection inspections, the problem of fraud will be strictly investigated and punished as always. It is hoped that the localities and enterprises will work hard, do real hard work, and really solve the problem.
Jiemian News learned from the Central Ecological and Environmental Protection Inspectorate’s Office that since the inspection pilot in 2015, the agency has accepted over 237,000 reports from the transferees, and most of them have been completed or phased out.
The round of inspectors and “look back” have clarified a total of 3294 rectification tasks. Up to now, 3067 have been completed, with a completion rate of over 90%; a total of 509 accountability issues have been handed over and more than 6000 party and government accountable, including nearly 20 provincial and ministerial cadres , There are more than 900 department-level cadres and more than 2,800 department-level cadres.